A “smart tire” is being developed by Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd., which can monitor its own temperature and air pressure, & eventually respond by itself to changes in road conditions. However, the change isn’t just confined to the tires. Lear Corp. & Koito Manufacturing Co., AGC Inc. and are putting sensors and semiconductors inside glass, headlights, and seats for making them as intelligent as the self-driving cars. The core technology for the autonomous driving has been dominated by the Alphabet Inc.’s Waymo LLC, Intel Corp.’s Mobileye NV & Baidu Inc., yet suppliers still rely on finding their own space in the business. Parts for advanced autonomous driving and driver-assistance systems are anticipated to become a $57bn market within ten years, according to BIS Research, & old-school firms born during the primary days of the automobile know they must either adapt to the new technology or risk extinction. A partner at Deloitte Tohmatsu Consulting in Tokyo, Zhou Lei stated that the carmakers are being challenged by the autonomous driving, however, it is even a bigger challenge for conventional parts makers. They are struggling to become the ‘five senses’ of the vehicle so they can remain relevant. More than 14 billion in investments have been revealed by the carmakers in autonomy & mobility firs since 2010, according to data gathered by BloombergNEF. Toyota Motor Corp. tops that list at almost $3bn. Although the deployment of highly independent commercial fleets is not expected to start until at least 2022, the impending threat is that the more and more sophisticated designs of those cars will replace some ordinary parts and reduce their suppliers - unnecessary. For instance, why would a self-driving vehicle which uses lasers, cameras, and sensors to get around need mirrors or headlights?