Romania's telecom market regulator ANCOM will foot the auction to allocate the radio frequency bands devoted to applications using 5G technologies in the first part of next year, after the government takes the essential steps, including executing its memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the U.S. on this subject, ANCOM announced in a press release on October 31.

The delay in the 5G auction means that the government can no longer expect to obtain the €500mn (0.25% of GDP) assessed from the 5G license auctions this year. This means sturdier budget revenues next year, but an extra 0.25% of GDP on top of this year's budget shortfall, which already touched 2.6% of GDP at the end of September.

ANCOM clarified that the auction can no longer be prepared this year because the institution hasn't yet received the set of network security actions from the European Commission, and the government has not applied the memorandum signed by the governments of Romania and the U.S. Moreover, the new government — likely to be permitted by the parliament on November 4 — still has to draft the budget for the year 2020 and approve the license fees and their payment agenda. Under these conditions, the ANCOM's management reflects that organizing the auction with full transparency and predictability is not conceivable.

The European Commission has not yet planned the toolbox of mitigating actions to address the identified cybersecurity dangers at national and Union level. On October 9, member states, with the care of the Commission and the European Agency for Cybersecurity, printed a report on the E.U. coordinated risk evaluation on cybersecurity in 5G networks.